Talk About Quality

Tom Harris

Too many reasons for code review

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A co-worker forwarded me this article “5 Reasons for Software Developers to Do Code Reviews (Even If You Think They’re a Waste of Time)” which certainly sounded promising. Even when I don’t think code reviews are a waste of time. But as I read through it, it became clear that more is less. The article says too much, and detracts from its own message.

1. Developers know their code will be evaluated, so they work harder. “The most useful thing about a code review is the fact that the coder knows that someone is going to review the code,” says Oliver Cole, president of OC Systems and also lead for the open-source Eclipse Test and Performance Tools Platform project.

Work hard because you enjoy it. And of course your code will be evaluated, but not primarily by code review. Rather, the main user of your code is the “next developer”—possibly someone on your team, or even you yourself a few months later. That’s where the evaluation happens.

 2. It improves a developer’s own programming skills.
In your heart, you might not care that much about the success of this particular software project. But most programmers want to improve their personal skills, and that means learning from other people.

If you don’t care about the success of the project, code review won’t help.

3. It’s an opportunity for mentoring, so the programmers you work with get smarter (and thus, more fun to hang around with).” […] While the intention [to mentor individuals] is generally well meaning, it can often lead to individual discomfort and perceived or actual criticism. In these cases, the greatest opportunity for mentoring usually exists in the context of small collaborative teams working together to realize goals and not in a code review.”

Criticism is not bad, it is essential. It is not personal, but professional. And of course, the smaller the meetings (down to even just 2 people — reviewer and author), the better.

4. It creates consistency and a culture of quality across the project. […] Developers are quick to complain about being judged on the wrong metrics, but, says Gary Heusner, client partner at custom software developer Geneca, “We have to change the rules to allow for quality and efficient development to be valued over making milestones that are really yardsticks of process more than milestone of value delivered.” Code reviews are a big part of that.

Code reviews are simply part of good software development.  When management, together with the team, track value delivered, that is a big part of creating a culture of quality. Only when the environment is right can code reviews have a chance of being effective.

5. It encourages team bonding. “People think code review is just about finding bugs, but it brings people together, says Smartbear’s Jason Cohen. Often, he says, it can deliver far more than expected.

“Success stories happen very often when performing code reviews,” says Dave Katauskas, senior architect at Geneca. “But the best success story is the pattern that develops once a team has gelled. The longer you’re into a project, the better quality code is created. This is all due to the code review process and governance that occurred up stream in the beginning of the project.”

I had to read this one a few times. Right answer for wrong reasons. I will not credit code review where credit is not due. Even the writer with the “success story” realizes the true origin of the success is the gelled team.

But still, I had to click on the Jason Cohen link to see why code review “brings people together”. Go ahead—click below on “Lightweight Code Review Episode 5: Team Building for the Cold, Dark, and Alone”. But first, get ready to read it right: code review doesn’t create good teams. Rather, good teams benefit from code review. OK, now click.

Lightweight Code Review Episode 5: Team Building for the Cold, Dark, and Alone

Written by Tom Harris

December 29, 2008 at 2:03 pm

Posted in Code Review

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